LGBT term explanation
LGBT term explanation
LGBT term explained; LGBTQ is an acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning. These terms are used to describe a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity. The terms used to refer to the community formed by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex and asexual people are as varied as the members who compose it: the more society becomes aware of all the sexual identities and gender expressions that exist within it, the more it recognizes and includes them, the longer the acronym used to designate them. IN 2022 THE FULL ACRONYMS IS LGBTQIA+
See below for a more detailed definition of each term
Ally: A person who confronts heterosexism, sexism, homophobia, biphobia, transphobia, and heterosexual privilege in themselves and others out of concern for the well-being of LGBTQIA+ people.
Asexuality: generally characterized by the fact of not feeling sexual attraction or the desire for sexuality in a couple. Asexuality is distinct from celibacy, which is the deliberate abstention from sexual activity.
Biphobia: Fear or hatred of bisexual, pansexual, or omnisexual people.
Bisexual: A person whose primary sexual and emotional orientation is towards people of the same sex and other sexes, or towards people of any sex.
Coming Out: Refers to voluntarily making public one’s sexual orientation and/or gender identity.
Cisgender: The prefix cis- means “on this side of” or “not on the other side”. Term used to draw attention to the privilege of people who are not transgender.
Cross Dresser : A word to describe a person who dresses, at least partially, as a member of a gender other than their assigned sex; does not affect sexual orientation.
Drag King: A person (often a woman) who appears as a man. Usually in reference to an act or performance. It has no bearing on gender identity.
Drag Queen : A person (often a man) who appears as a woman. Usually in reference to an act or performance. It has no bearing on gender identity.
Gay: A sexual orientation towards people of the same sex.
Gender: A social construct used to classify a person as male, female, or another identity. Fundamentally different from the sex one is assigned at birth; a set of social, psychological and emotional traits, often influenced by societal expectations
Gender expression: how a person expresses themselves, in terms of dress, mannerisms and/or behaviors that society classifies as ‘masculine’ or ‘feminine’.
Genderqueer: A person whose gender identity and/or gender expression falls outside the prevailing societal norm for their assigned sex, crosses genders, or is a combination thereof.
Heterosexism: the assumption that all people are or should be heterosexual. Heterosexism excludes the needs, concerns and life experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and queer people while it gives advantages to heterosexual people. It is often a subtle form of oppression, which reinforces the realities of silence and invisibility.
Heterosexuality: A sexual orientation in which a person feels physically and emotionally attracted to people of a gender other than their own.
Homophobia: The irrational hatred and fear of LGBTQIA+ people. Homophobia includes prejudice, discrimination, harassment and acts of violence caused by fear and hatred. It occurs at personal, institutional and societal levels.
Homosexual/Homosexuality: An obsolete term to describe a sexual orientation in which a person feels physically and emotionally attracted to people of the same sex.
Internalized homophobia : The fear and self-hatred of one’s own LGBTQIA identity, which occurs in many people who learned negative ideas about LGBTQIA+ people throughout childhood. One form of internalized oppression is the acceptance of myths and stereotypes applied to the oppressed group.
Intersex: People who, without medical intervention, develop primary or secondary sex characteristics that do not “perfectly” fit social definitions of male or female. Many visibly intersex people are mutilated in infancy and early childhood by doctors to make the individual’s sex characteristics conform to society’s idea of what a normal body should look like. Intersex people are relatively common, although society’s denial of their existence has left very little room for intersex issues to be discussed publicly.
Lesbian: A woman whose primary sexual orientation is towards people of the same sex.
LGBT: Abbreviation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender. Generic term used to refer to the community as a whole.
Pansexual/Omnisexual: Terms used to describe people who have romantic, sexual, or emotional desire for people of all genders and sexes.
Non-Binary: A gender identity that encompasses a full universe of expressions and ways of being that resonate with an individual. It can be an active resistance to gender binary expectations and/or an intentional creation of unlimited new ideas of self in the world.
Queer: This may include, but is not limited to, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and asexual people.
This term has different meanings in different people but Some still find it offensive and while others claim it to encompass the broader meaning of the history of the gay rights movement Can also be used as an umbrella term like LGBT, like in “the queer community”.
LGBT term explanation
Sex: a categorization based on the appearance of the genitals at birth.
Sexuality: The components of a person that include their biological sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, sexual practices, etc.
Sexual Orientation: An enduring emotional, romantic, or sexual attraction. Sexual orientation is fluid. Asexuality is also considered a sexual orientation (see definition of asexuality above)
Transphobia: The fear or hatred of transgender people or people who do not meet society’s gender role expectations.
Transgender: Used most often as an umbrella term, some common definitions: 1. Someone whose gender identity or expression does not match (dominant group’s social construction) their assigned birth sex and gender. 2. A gender outside the male/female binary. 3. Having no gender or having multiple genders.
Transsexual: A person who lives full time in a gender different from their birth sex and gender. Some seek hormones and/or surgery while others do not. Sometimes used to refer specifically to trans people seeking to confirm their gender or sex.
Transvestite: This is an obsolete and problematic term due to its historical use as a diagnosis of medical/mental conditions. Cross Dresser replaced transvestite, see definition above.
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