History of the term LGBT
History of the term LGBT
History of the term LGBT – LGBT is an acronym that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. In use since the 1990s, initialism, along with some of its common variants, functions as an umbrella term for sexuality and gender identity. It can refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, and not exclusively people are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. To acknowledge this inclusion, a popular variant, LGBTQ, adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or question their sexual or gender identity; LGBTQI or LGBTQI+ adds “intersex” (and other gender variants) to the definition.
History of the term LGBT
The first widely used term, homosexual, now carries negative connotations in the United States. Gay became a popular term in the 1970s. As lesbians developed public identities, the term “gay and lesbian” became more common. A dispute over whether the primary focus of their political goals should be feminism or gay rights led to the disbandment of some lesbian organizations, including the Daughters of Bilitis, which disbanded in 1970 following disputes over which objective should take precedence. Equality being a priority for lesbian feminists, the disparity of roles between men and women or butch and woman was considered patriarchal. Lesbian feminists shunned the gender roleplay that had been pervasive in bars as well as the perceived jingoism of gay men; many lesbian feminists have refused to work withhomosexuals or defend their causes. Lesbians who held the essentialist view, that they were born gay and used the descriptor “lesbian” to define sexual attraction, often viewed the separatist views of lesbian feminists as detrimental to the cause of gay rights. Bisexual and transgender people have also sought recognition as legitimate categories within the wider minority community. of bisexual or transgender people. Critics said that transgender people expressed stereotypes and that bisexuals were simply gay men or lesbian women who were afraid to come out and be honest about their identity. Each community struggled to develop its own identity, including whether and how to align with other communities based on gender and sexuality, sometimes excluding other sub-groups; these conflicts continue to this day. LGBTQ activists and artists have created posters to raise awareness of the issue since the movement began. Beginning around 1988, activists began using the acronym LGBT in the United States. It was not until the 1990s within the movement that gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgender people gained equal respect. This has prompted some organizations to adopt new names, such as the GLBT Historical Society did in 1999. Although the LGBT community has experienced much controversy regarding the universal acceptance of different membership groups (bisexual and transgender people, especially, have sometimes been marginalized by the larger LGBT community), the term LGBT has been a positive symbol of inclusion. Despite the fact that LGBT does not nominally encompass all individuals from small communities (see Variants below), the term is generally accepted to include those not specifically identified in the four-letter initialism. Overall, the use of the term LGBT has, over time, gone a long way in integrating otherwise marginalized people into the mainstream community. Transgender actress Candis Cayne in 2009 described the LGBT community as “the last great minority”, noting that “we can still be openly harassed” and “challenged on TV”. initialism, being more inclusive of younger members of communities who adopt thequeer as a self-descriptor. However,
Many variants exist including variants that change the order of the letters, including LGBT+. At least some of the components of sexuality (regarding straight, bi, straight), as well as gender are said to be on (different) spectra of sexuality. Other common variants also exist, such as LGBTQIA, with the A meaning “asexual”, “aromantic”, or “agender”, and LGBTQIA+, where “[t]he ‘+’ represents those who are part of the community, but for whom LGBTQ does not capture or accurately reflect their identity.”
Longer acronyms have drawn criticism for their length, and the implication that the acronym refers to a single community is also controversial. Although identical in meaning, LGBT may have a more feminist connotation than GLBT because it places the “L” (for “lesbian”) first. LGBT may also include additional Qs for “ queer” or “questioning” (sometimes abbreviated with a question mark and sometimes used to refer to anyone who is not literally L, G, B or T) producing the variants LGBTQ and LGBTQQ. The order of the letters a has not been standardized; in addition to variations between the positions of the initial “L” or “G”, the less common letters mentioned, if used, can appear in almost any order. In Spain, LGTB is used, i.e. reversing the letters “B” and “T”. in addition to variations between the positions of the initial “L” or “G”, the less common letters mentioned, if used, can appear in almost any order. In Spain, LGTB is used, i.e. reversing the letters “B” and “T”. in addition to variations between the positions of the initial “L” or “G”, the less common letters mentioned, if used, can appear in almost any order. In Spain, LGTB is used, i.e. reversing the letters “B” and “T”.
Longer LGBT-based initials are sometimes referred to as “alphabet soup”. Variant terms generally do not represent political differences within the community, but simply arise from the preferences of individuals and groups. The terms pansexual, omnisexual, fluid, and queer are considered to fall under the umbrella term bisexual (and are therefore considered part of the bisexual community).
History of the term LGBT
Some use LGBT+ to mean “LGBT and related communities”. LGBTQIA is sometimes used and adds “queer, intersex and asexual” to the base term. Other variants may have a “U” for “uncertain”; a “C” for “curious”; another “T” for “transvestite”; a “TS” or “2” for “two-spirited” people; or an “SA” for “direct allies”. The inclusion of straight allies in the acronym LGBT has proven controversial as many straight allies have been accused of using LGBT advocacy to gain popularity and status in recent years, and various LGBT activists have criticized the view. of the heteronormative world of some heterosexual allies. Some may also add a “P” for “polyamorous”, an “H” for “affected by HIV”, or a “transgender, queerand Two-Spirit). Depending on the organization using the acronym, the choice of acronym changes. Corporations and the CBC often simply employ LGBT as a proxy for any longer acronym, private activist groups often employ LGBTQ+ , while public health providers prefer the more inclusive LGBT2Q+ to accommodate twin-spirited Indigenous peoples. For a time, the organization Pride Toronto used the much longer acronym LGBTTIQQ2SA, but seems to have abandoned it in favor of a simpler wording. while public health providers promote more inclusive LGBT2Q+ to accommodate twin Indigenous peoples. For a time, the Pride organizationToronto used the much longer acronym LGBTTIQQ2SA, but appears to have dropped it in favor of a simpler wording. while public health providers promote more inclusive LGBT2Q+ to accommodate twin Indigenous peoples. For a time, the organization Pride Toronto used the much longer acronym LGBTTIQQ2SA, but seems to have abandoned it in favor of a simpler wording.
History of the term LGBT
The term trans* has been adopted by some groups as a more inclusive alternative to “transgender”, where trans (without the asterisk) has been used to describe trans men and trans women, while trans* covers all non-transgender identities. cisgender (genderqueer), including transgender, transsexual, transvestite, genderqueer, genderfluid, non-binary, genderfuck, genderless, agender, genderless, third sex, two-spirited, bigender, trans man and trans woman. Similarly, the term transsexual usually falls under the umbrella term transgender, but some trans people object to it. The term LGBT is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which began to replace the term gay in reference to the broader LGBT community from the middle. -in the late 1980s. When not including transgender people,
History of the term LGBT
Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organization may use the LGBTI extended initialism. These two acronyms are sometimes combined to form the terms LGBTIQ. The relationship between intersex and the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans and queer communitiesis complex, but intersex people are often added to the LGBT category to create an LGBTI community. Some intersex people prefer the acronym LGBTI, while others prefer not to be included in the term. Emi Koyama describes how intersex inclusion in LGBTI may not address intersex-specific human rights issues, including creating false impressions “that the rights of intersex people are protected” by laws protecting LGBT people, and failing to recognize that many intersex people are not LGBT. The Organization Intersex International Australia states that some intersex people are attracted to the same sex and some are heterosexual, but “LGBTI activism has fought for the rights of people who do not meet the expected binary norms of sex and gender”. Julius Kaggwa of SIPD Uganda wrote that while the gay community “offers us a place of relative safety, it is also oblivious to our specific needs”. Numerous studies have shown higher rates of same-sex attraction among intersex people, with a recent study of people born with atypical sex characteristics finding that 52% of respondents were non-heterosexual, thus research on intersex subjects has been used to explore ways to prevent homosexuality. As the experience of being born with sexual characteristics that do not correspond to social norms,
Criticism of the term
LGBT or GLBT acronyms are not accepted by everyone they encompass. For example, some argue that transgender and transsexual causes are not the same as those for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people. This argument centers on the idea that being transgender or transsexual has more to do with gender identity, or a person’s understanding of being or not being male or female, regardless of their gender. sexual orientation. LGB issues can be seen as a matter of sexual orientation or attraction. These distinctions have been made in the context of political action in which LGB goals, such as same-sex marriage legislationand human rights work (which may not include transgender and intersex people), may be seen as different from transgender and transsexual goals.
a belief in “lesbian and gay separatism” (not to be confused with the associated “lesbian separatism”), holds that lesbians and gay menform (or should form) a distinct and separate community from other groups normally included in the LGBTQ sphere. Although they may not always seem numerous or organized enough to qualify as a movement, separatists are a large, vocal and active element in many parts of the LGBT community. In some cases, separatists deny the existence or the right to equality of bisexual and transgender orientations, sometimes resulting in public biphobia and transphobia. Unlike the separatists, Peter Tatchell of the LGBT human rights group OutRage! argues that separating the transgender movement from the LGB would be “political madness,” stating that lesbians and gay men form (or should form) a distinct and separate community from other groups normally included in the LGBTQ sphere. Although they may not always seem numerous or organized enough to qualify as a movement, separatists are a large, vocal and active element in many parts of the LGBT community.
History of the term LGBT
In some cases, separatists deny the existence or the right to equality of bisexual orientations and transsexuality , sometimes resulting in public biphobia and transphobia. Unlike the separatists, Peter Tatchell of the LGBT human rights group OutRage! argues that separating the transgender movement from the LGB would be “political madness”, stating that: Unlike the separatists, Peter Tatchell of the LGBT human rights group OutRage! argues that separating the transgender movement from the LGB would be “political madness”, stating that: Unlike the separatists, Peter Tatchell of the LGBT human rights group OutRage! argues that separating the transgender movement from LGB would be “political madness”, stating that:
Homosexuals are, like transgender people, gender deviant. We don’t conform to traditional heterosexist assumptions about male and female behavior, in that we have sexual and emotional relationships with the same sex. We should celebrate our discordance with mainstream right standards. […]
The depiction of an overall “LGBT community” or “LGB community” is also disliked by some lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Some do not subscribe to or approve of the political and social solidarity, visibility and human rights campaigning that normally accompanies it, including gay pride marches and events. Some of them believe that grouping people of non-heterosexual orientation perpetuates the myth that being gay/lesbian/bi/asexual/pansexual/etc. makes a disabled person different from other people.
These people are often less visible than more traditional gay or LGBT activists. Since this faction is difficult to distinguish from the heterosexual majority, it is common for people to assume that all LGBT people support LGBT liberation and the visibility of LGBT people in society, including the right to live life differently from the majority. In the 1996 book Anti-Gay, a collection of essays edited by Mark Simpson, the concept of a ‘one size fits all’ identity based on LGBT stereotypes is criticized for suppressing the individuality of LGBT people. Writing in the BBC News Magazine in 2014, Julie Bindel wonders if the different genres now, “put in parentheses”… “share the same issues, values and goals?” Bindel references a number of possible new acronyms for different combinations and concludes that it may be time for the alliances to be reformed or eventually part ways. In 2015, the slogan “Drop the T” was coined to encourage LGBT organizations to stop supporting transgender people;
Many people have searched for a generic term to replace the many existing acronyms. Words such as queer (an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual or cisgender) and rainbow have been tried, but most have not been widely adopted. Queer has many negative connotations for older people who remember the word as a taunt and an insult and such (negative) usage of the term continues. Many young people also understand that gay people are more politically charged than LGBT people.
SGM, or GSM, an abbreviation for sexual and gender minorities, has gained particular popularity in government, academia, and medicine. It has been adopted by the National Institutes of Health; Medicare and Medicaid Service Centers; and the UCLA Williams Institute, which studies SGM law and policy. Duke University and the University of California, San Francisco both have strong health programs for sexual and gender minorities. An NIH article recommends the term SGM because it includes “those who may not identify as LGBT…
or those with a specific medical condition affecting reproductive development,” a publication from the White House Office of Management and Budget explains that “We believe SGM is more inclusive because it includes people who are not specifically referenced by identities listed in LGBT,” and a UK government document favors SGM because initials like LGBTIQ+ represent terms that, particularly outside the Global North, “do not necessarily include local understandings and terms used to describe sexual and gender minorities”. An example of usage outside the Global North is the Constitution of Nepal, which identifies “gender and sexual minorities” as a protected class.
“Rainbow” has connotations reminiscent of hippies, New Age movements and groups such as the Rainbow Family or Jesse Jackson’s Rainbow/PUSH Coalition. SGL (“same gender loving”) is sometimes favored by gay male African Americans as a way to distinguish themselves from what they see as predominantly white LGBT communities.
Other generic LGBTQ terms
Some people advocate the term “minority sexual and gender identities” (MSGI, coined in 2000), to explicitly include all people who are not cisgender and heterosexual; or gender, sexual and romantic minorities (GSRM), which more explicitly includes minority romantic orientations and polyamory; but these were not widely adopted either. Other rare generic terms are Gender and Sexual Diversities (GSD), MOGII (Marginalized Orientations, Gender and Intersex Identities) and MOGAI (Marginalized Orientations, Gender and Intersex Alignments).
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